Learn HTML


Introduction

Here is a guide to HTML. HTML stands for hyper-text markup language, and it is what makes up the entire Internet. If you've ever right-clicked a web page, and went to view source, you will see the HTML code that makes the page. At first, html may seem complicated, but I will guide you through the basic steps.

Note: When typing the actual HTML document, disregard the spaces between the tags, i.e. "< html >". I must type them like this so they will display on the page.

To start off, < html > identifies the page as an HTML document to the web browser.

The < head > tag contains information that will not be seen as text on the website, such as the title of your page (which will appear in the bar at the top of your browser), and things like the background color/image for your site. The < body > tag is the meat of your web sandwich, i.e. the body of the web document. Everything that you want to appear on your website, the main text and images, will come after this.

To start a paragraph, start off with with the < p > tag, then type your text, and close it with < /p >. Be sure to close the appropriate tags so they will display properly. For example, to make bold text, type < b >*your text here*< /b >.

For links on your website, use the tags < a href="">< /a > to display the link. The URL goes between the quotation marks.

Additionally, if you want to assign text to the bottom of the screen, you can use the footer tag, for example, < footer >*text here*< /footer >. If you want to, this is a good place to put useful info here such as a copyright notice, email address/other contact information, or the date of the website's creation.


Useful Tips and Tricks
Here are some useful tags and techniques you can use to even further fine-tune the look of your website.

Text Styles

Bold text: < b >here's some bold text< /b >

Italic text: < i >here's some italicized text< /i >

Underline: < u >This text is underlined< /u >

Subscript: < sub >This is subscript text< /sub >

Superscript text: < sup >Here's some superscript text< /sup >

Typewriter text: < tt >Here is some typewriter-styled text< /tt >

Strike-Through text: < strike >This text has a line through it< /strike >

Text Placement

To center text: < center >This text is in the center< /center > You can also use < p align="center" >.

Align Text: To right-align text: < p align="right" > For left: < p align="left" >

To left-align and right-align text on the same line:

Example:

Left Aligned
Right Aligned

Special Effects

Marquee Text < marquee >This is side-scrolling text< /marquee >

Highlighted Text: < span style="background-color: #FFFF00">This text is highlighted in color.< /span >

Color of highlight can be edited to your choice.




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